High Risk Pregnancy Management
So what is high risk pregnancy?
High risk means that you or your baby’s life could be at a risk of complications.
It can be the result of a medical condition present before pregnancy or a medical condition that develops during pregnancy. For example, if you are carrying more than one baby it is called a multiple pregnancy or if the baby has some developmental issues either of you can be at risk. While all pregnancies can be challenging, high risk pregnancies can possess significant challenges to the health of both the mother and the fetus.
What are the risk factors ?
Advanced Maternal Age :
Surveys have revealed that in the last few years much risk is attributable to the increase in the average age of women who get pregnant . Pregnancy risks are higher for mothers age 35 and older.
- Lifestyle Choices :
Tobacco use including smoking, alcohol consumption and drug abuse could put a pregnancy at risk.
Medical History :
A prior C-section, a previous low birth weight baby or preterm birth — birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy — might increase the risk in subsequent pregnancies. Other risk factors include a family history of genetic conditions, a history of pregnancy loss or the death of a baby shortly after birth.
Underlying Conditions :
Chronic conditions — such as diabetes, high blood pressure and epilepsy — increase pregnancy risks. A blood condition, such as anemia, an infection or an underlying mental health condition can also increase pregnancy risks.
Pregnancy Complications :
Various complications that develop during pregnancy pose risks, such as problems with the
- uterus, cervix or placenta.
- Other concerns might include too much amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios) or low amniotic fluid (oligohydramnios).
- Restricted fetal growth, or
- Rh (rhesus) sensitization — a potentially serious condition that can occur when your blood group is Rh negative and your baby’s blood group is Rh positive.
- diabetes, or
- infectious diseases
- Multiple Pregnancy :
Pregnancy risks are higher for women carrying twins or higher order multiples. Risk factors for pregnancy also involve fears and anxieties that make the gestation period more stressful.